J A R G O N   B U S T E R 

D o n ' t   u n d e r s t a n d   t h e   l i n g o ?

Additional Needs

Refers to children who may require additional support within their seat.

Airbag

A Primary safety device in a car that inflates automatically in an accident and prevents the passengers from being thrown forwards.

Anti-Rotational Device

A prop or leg attached to the child car seat and extending to the floor. This device restricts the forward motion of the seat in a head on accident or strenuous breaking.

Application List

The reference list used to determine whether a seat has been approved for use with a specific vehicle.

Base (of a child seat)

The base of a child car seat is the lower portion that rests on the car seat. A detachable base can also be used with some infant carriers allowing a fixed installation in the car. The base remains in the car and the infant carrier simply clicks in and out as you need it.

 

Belt Anchorage Points

Fixed locations where the seat belts are anchored to the car structure.

Belt Path / Belt Route

The manufacturer's required route where the seat belt passes around or through the child car seat.

Belt tensioning system

A system within the child seat that assists in insuring that it is correctly secured.

Booster Cushion (Group 2 & 3)

A booster cushion with an attached seat back, giving satisfactory lateral support. Booster seats rely on the car seat belts to hold both the child and the booster seat in position.

Booster Seat (Group 2 &3)

A booster cushion with an attached seat back, giving satisfactory lateral support. Booster seats rely on the car seat belts to hold both the child and the booster seat in position.

Buckle

The locking mechanism of the car seat belt and child car seat harness system. Buckles are typically mounted or attached to fabric webbing and/or by metal or plastic stalks.

Buckle Crunch

A term used when the adult seat belt buckle and not the seat belt webbing is in contact with the seat and affects the fitting of a seat.

 

Chest Clip

A clip between the chest pads that prevents children struggling from the harness.

Combination Seats (Group 0+ & 1)

Seats in this Group will allow your baby to travel rearward facing in the seat until 13Kgs and then you may turn the seat forward facing and your child will travel forward facing until 18KGs.

Combination Seats (Group 1, 2 & 3) 

Allow you to accommodate a child from 9kgs until 36Kgs but best not using it until your child reaches 13Kgs. It is always used forward facing.
When your child reaches 15kgs you may remove the harness and use it as a booster seat, although you should aim not to remove the harness before your child is 18kgs.

Compliance Tests

Rigorous crash and static testing done to assure that manufacturers meet required standards.

CPS 

Child Passenger Safety

CRS

Child Restraint System

Crumple Zone

The zone of a car that absorbs energy upon impact. The purpose of a crumple zone is to increase the amount of time it takes the car to come to a complete stop in comparison to the object that the car hits. By increasing the time it takes for the car to come to a stop after hitting an object, the force is spread over a longer period of time.

Curtain Air Bags

Passive safety devices deployed using compressed air.

 

Deceleration

Sudden reduction of speed.

Deployed

A term used when the airbag is activated.

 

ECE R44

The current European regulation to which child car seats are tested and approved.

Electrical Pretensioner

Electrical pretensioners may be connected to the airbags, locking the seatbelts in the event of airbag deployment.

Euro NCAP The European New Car Assessment Programme 

A European car safety performance assessment programme founded in 1997. The organisation is now backed by the European Commission, the governments of France, Germany, Sweden, The Netherlands and Spain, as well as motoring and consumer organisations in every EU country. Euro NCAP publishes safety reports on new cars, and awards 'star ratings' based on the performance of the vehicles in a variety of crash tests, including front, side and pole impacts, and impacts with pedestrians.

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Foam:

Energy-absorbing padding used to line the polypropylene shell of a child car seat to protect a child's head, torso and seat area.

Extended Rear-facing Seats

These seats allow a child to travel rearward facing beyond the 13kgs allowed in an infant carrier. Some of these seats will accommodate a child from to 18 or 25KGS.

 

Five-Point Harness

A child car seat harness with five attachment points: two at the shoulder, two at the hips, and one between the legs.

Foot Prop (Support leg):

Electrical pretensioners may be connected to the airbags, locking the seatbelts in the event of airbag deployment.

Forward-Facing Car Seat (Group 1)

A child car seat used in a forward-facing position only, for children over 9kg who can confidently sit unaided.

 
 

Head Hugger

Provides support for the baby's head.

Harness

The integral straps that secure the child within the child car seat.

Harness Adjuster

Used to tighten and loosen the harness.

Harness Height Adjustment

The process by which the child car seat harness is adjusted up or down to the appropriate height for the child occupant.

Harness Slots 

Slots in the child car seat where the harness passes through from the front to the back. Seats come with at least one and as many as four sets of slots.

Harness Straps

This refers to the child car seat straps used to secure the child into the seat.

Height Adjustable Headrest and Harness

A feature on some child car seats that allows easy adjustment of the headrest and harness.

High Back Booster

A type of child car seat that does not have a five-point harness but simply raises the child so that the car seat belt is positioned correctly across the child's hips and shoulder. High Back booster seats rely on the vehicle seat belts to hold both the child and the seat in position.

 

Impact Pad

This is placed in front of the child in certain Group1 seats. In this case the lap and diagonal seat belt passes around the front of the seat, locating through the ‘impact pad’ and is secured (child and seat together) in the normal manor.

Inertia-Reel Seat Belt

A seat belt in which the belt is free to unwind from a metal drum except when the drum locks as a result of rapid deceleration.

Infant Carrier Base

This is a product that remains in the car and onto which you may connect your infant carrier.

Infant Carrier

A rearward facing group 0+ child car seat for children from birth up to 13kg.

i-Size

New EU regulation to be introduced from June 2013. 

ISOFIX

The safety system has become an international installation interface for standardised anchorage points between a child car seat and a vehicle. It minimises installation errors and optimises protection through a rigid connection to the car chassis.

ISOFIX Anchorage Points / ISOFIX Connection Points

A feature on some child car seats that allows easy adjustment of the headrest and harness.

ISOFIX Catch Arm Hook

A hook on the end of the catch arm of ISOFIX child car seats that attaches to the car's ISOFIX connection point.

 
 
 

Lap Belt

A safety belt anchored at two points, for use across the hips.

Lap and Diagonal Belt

A seat belt that is anchored at three points and restrains the occupant at the hips and across the shoulder.

Lock-off

A built-in belt-locking feature on the child car seat.

 
 
 

One-Pull Adjustment

This allows you to adjust the child car seat harness by simply pulling the adjuster strap.

 

Pyrotechnic Pretensioner

Are In the event of a crash, seat belts with pyrotechnic pretensioner take action, not just locking the seat belt, but tightening it to a predetermined setting. Pyrotechnic pretensioners help align the passenger with the airbags, and pull them tight against the seatback for greater safety.

Pitch Control System 

Reduces the child's forward movement within the seat in the event of an accident.

Pivot Link System 

Reduces the child's forward movement within the seat in the event of an accident.

Pretensioner

Is the part of a seat belt that takes up the slack. Too much slack equals too much occupant movement in a crash, and a greater chance of injury.

 
 

Rebound Bar

Our rebound bar reduces the forward rotation of the infant seat into the vehicle seat during impact and stabilises seat movement. Rebound is the "bounce" after initial impact has occurred.

Regulations

European Standards that relate to the manufacture of car seats 

Recline Positions

Many child car seats and pushchairs feature recline options allowing you to change the position of the seat for your child's comfort.

 

Seat Belt

Is a vehicle safety device designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result during a collision or a sudden stop. A seat belt functions to reduce the likelihood of death or serious injury in a traffic collision by reducing the force of secondary impacts with interior strike hazards, by keeping occupants positioned correctly for maximum effectiveness of the airbag (if equipped) and by preventing occupants being ejected from the vehicle in a crash.

Seat belt guide

A guide on the child car seat that correctly positions the diagonal belt over the child's shoulder.

Shell

The moulded plastic structure of the child car seat.

Shoulder Harness Slots

Slots in the back of the child car seat through which the harness shoulder straps are routed.

Side Impact Protection

Protection from side impact collisions with deep side wings, head supports and energy absorbing materials.

Single Handed Release Mechanism

A mechanism that allows the car seat to be easily removed from a pushchair with one hand.

Suitable Restraint

A child car seat, Harness or Seat Belt ‘approved for use’ for a particular child. 
Usually selected by weight, height or age. 

Special Needs

Refers to children who may require additional support within their seat or specialised seating.

 

Tether Straps

Straps used to secure rear facing child car seats in addition to the adult seat belt.

Top Tether

A belt that attached to the top of the child car seat and fixes to an anchorage point in the car, limiting the rotational movement of the child car seat.

Top Tether Anchor Point

A third ISOFIX attachment point in the vehicle in order to connect a child’s car seat top tether strap. Refer to vehicle owner's manual regarding the anchor location.

 
 
 
 
 
 
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